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Reaction Theory
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REACTION THEORY

Reaction Theory


F O R E W O R D

Twentieth century physics is based primarily on the general theory of relativity as formulated by Einstein as well as on quantum theory.
The theory of strings and super-brames will most certainly emerge in the not too distant future to propose a new theory on the quantification of gravitation.
These theories show that electrical charge, mass and particle energy remain occasional occurrences, except for the theory of strings which considers particles as having a well defined surface and as such, a very real dimension in space.
In our theory, we shall see that particles do expand in space and time.
The fundamental interactions are currently defined by four base interactions:Gravitational force, electromagnetic interaction, weak interaction and strong interaction.Although the definitions of these forces will not be reviewed, we should note that gravitational force is quite distinct from the other forces on account of its physical explanation and its negligible force.
There is however another way in which to perceive physical phenomena, as presented by this physics of the twentieth century.
Our study will demonstrate that there is a new physics based on the direct reaction between elementary particles, represented by monochromatic waves with real dimensions in physical and temporal space.
This reaction is brought about only by way of the fields created by particle energy at rest (mp*c^2 ), by their time-space dimensions such as pulsation ωp and wavelength λp as well as other definitions of principles such as the harmonic beat between two waves ωp source of the field and pulsation ωpx of the particle subjected to the field.
These base elements provide the groundwork for developing a reaction theory called NAP or New Atomic Physics.
The theory is based on certain cornerstone elements such as the fact that the pure or fundamental energy of an elementary particle or a quark has the properties of a vecor and is in quadrature with all the directions of the other energies, whether they be kinetic, in link with or in reaction along the distance r connecting the systems in reaction.
This pure or fundamental energy of an elementary particle will be constant and does not respond to the factor of speed of restricted relativity put forward by Einstein. This energy will always be equal to the energy at rest mo*c^2, and separate from the speed, whatever the direction of reaction.
We will show that the reaction energy is defined in a closed area of space that we refer to as « reaction volume noted Γ ». The reaction energy will vary with speed and will be a function of the Doppler effect alone. This Doppler effect is introduced at the level of the expression of the field produced by the particles.
In NAP, we will develop a new definition of electrical charge, which will become energy charge. The concept of electrical charge in classical physics is supplanted by energy charge which takes on the value of 1 for an elementary particle or a quark, far from all reactions.
In a system comprised of several particles, the energy charge, as seen from the outside, may take on values between 0 and infinite. This charge, called z, plays a significant role in the calculation of the reaction energy between particles.
These considerations will help us write a base function EΔ, representing the value of the reaction energy between particles. This reaction energy forms the basis for our NAP theory and will be applied to all the fields, in other words the four fundamental interactions, including gravitation. We shall also define an event noted Δp, emitted during the reaction between particles. As this event defines the condition of photon emissions during the reaction, we shall see Planck’s constant modified and redefined as Δm in accordance with the spin of the particle in question and showing up as a different value for elementary particles, photons, mesons and so on. The spin defines the nature of the particle and not necessarily its abstract rotation.
Our NAP theory expresses surprising results developed from its theoretical application. In gravitation, the results help explain the speed levels in the galaxies, finite structure and the number 137, while other important results in nuclear physics relate to the internal reactions in quarks. In magnetisme, finding show that a magnetic field exists only if there is a reaction between particles, giving other significant results in nuclear physics regarding internal reactions in quarks, as well as in magnetism inasmuch as a magnetic field exists only if there is a reaction between particles, etc..
Our research is divided into four major sections:

The first section focuses on comprehending and calculating energy charge and looks at the representation of energy according to NAP and the base calculation of the energy reaction defined as EΔ.

The second section looks at its application on the structure of the quarks and the Mass Gap and the hydrogene atom.

The third part will be dedicated in gravitation fields and applications in galactic situations, and at the speed of stars in the galaxies (or disappearance of the black material)(FILE IN PDF) .(attention the following development requires the understanding of the previous chapters and thus it is necessary to consider as acquired the notions of bases of the nap to understand(include) what follows.)



Finally, the last section deals with magnetism in and between particles, with further focus on the calculation of magnetic moments.

In this first study on NAP, we have attempted to apply its formulation in a general manner, focusing primarily on concrete cases of numerical applications. Much remains to be done however, to enrich the development of NAP and to give it greater depth with more fertile horizons.

A.C.Elbeze May 2005

elbaz@new-atomic-physics.com


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NAP The energy charge